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What is an essay and how to write it?

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What is an essay and how to write it? 

     This word was first used after 1580, when the French writer and philosopher Michel de Montaigne introduced him in his essay “Experiments” or “Les Essais”. Further distribution of the new genre was obtained at the end of the sixteenth century, and so continued until the twenties of the seventeenth. At this time, the English philosopher and politician Francis Bacon began to actively use the word essays in his writings.
     Approximately at the same time, the term came to the playwright for the estate of Ben Johnson, who created the concept of essayist. It happened at the beginning of the seventeenth century.
     So, what does the essay mean? If we turn to the etymology of a word, then we can see some duplicity, which, however, is very similar. The concept has a translation from the French language. In this case, the word essai will be translated as an attempt or essay. If you look at his Latin origin, then you can find the term exaguim, which is translated as “weighing”.
     In the modern sense, the word essay refers to a certain literary genre of a small size, with a fairly free composition.
     Typically, such works are concentrated on some particular issue, but they do not try to fully and completely illuminate it. The essay is based on the personal impressions of the author, in his own thoughts on the chosen theme.
     To some extent, this genre is similar to a scientific article and a sketch, is somewhere between them. He also has similarities with a philosophical treatise.
     Due to the fact that this literary genre is different in its free form, it is difficult to distinguish its severe features, but there are a number of points worth paying attention to. They will help answer the question of what an essay is and how to write it.
     The essay always has a clear theme, some issue. If you deal with a few problems, then this is usually not an essay.
     Such works are based on the personal opinion of the author, on his thoughts and impressions, and therefore they can not give any comprehensive and objective information.
     Due to its subjectivity, the essay, in the main, helps to know more about the author himself, and not about what he writes.
     Subjectivity also affects the nature of the records. They can be philosophical, literary-critical, can claim to be scientific or historical authenticity.